Patient Choice at the End of Life: What Vermont’s New Law Means for Fletcher Allen
Vermont became the fourth state in the nation to make it legal for a patient with a terminal illness to obtain a prescription with the intent to hasten their death.
Unlike most new laws, where there’s usually a period of several months before they go into effect, this one went into effect last week, immediately after being signed by the governor.
This new law raises complex emotional and ethical issues for patients and providers. While the intent of the law is clear, the rules and regulations for how it will be carried out still must be determined.
Our legislature allowed health care facilities to be excluded from the legislation for patients who are residents of the facility and intend to take the medication on site. Fletcher Allen has chosen to enact the facility exemption on an interim basis. This will give us the opportunity to develop a thoughtful, compassionate policy that will respect our patients and providers.
Our Medical Staff has already started a dialogue on the new law. Issues that face us include: Should we make the interim ban permanent? Should we educate our providers on the best methods to carry this out? Should we credential providers to perform this service? Should the Medical Staff oversee and review cases? Our Ethics Committee has met twice and is developing a plan to allow and encourage all opinions to be heard.
Our institution also has a number of complex decisions to make. Will our pharmacy carry and supply the medication? Will we regulate what medication to use? What if a patient brings the medication from home and wishes to self-administer it here? If a patient is requesting a prescription with the intention to hasten their death and our facility does not participate, would we transfer the patient to another facility?
Fletcher Allen’s clinical and administrative leadership are committed to thoroughly reviewing the new law and, through an inclusive process, answering all of these questions to the best of our ability. The answers will help guide our decisions, including whether to permanently exercise the health care facility exception.
Most importantly, it is imperative for us to approach the new law in a way that continues to focus on the patient being the center of our care.
Fletcher Allen currently has comprehensive programs for patients at the end of life. We have outstanding palliative care and hospice care providers and services, delivered here on a daily basis. While giving patients another choice at the end of their lives, this new law does not replace these crucial services – and as happened in Oregon when it passed similar legislation almost 15 years ago, hopefully its passage will lead to a better understanding and expanded use of both palliative care and hospice care.
Stephen M. Leffler is the Chief Medical Officer at Fletcher Allen, former Medical Director of the Emergency Department, and has been a practicing physician for 20 years. He grew up in Brandon, VT.